The challenge is to meet this demand in ways that are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable, and in the face of global climate change.
The UK's main public funders of food-related research and training are working together through Global Food Security to meet the challenge of providing the world's population with a sustainable, secure supply of good quality food from less land and with lower inputs.
Waste from food production and supply must be reduced and must have a lower environmental impact.
Food must be nutritious, safe and affordable and available to all with equity of distribution, reflecting local needs.
The European Commission 'commodity price dashboard' provides a monthly summary of price data for the most representative agricultural products and consumer food prices, at EU and world level.
"The challenge is to deliver nutritious, safe and affordable food to a global population of over 9 billion in the coming decades, using less land, fewer inputs, with less waste and a lower environmental impact. All this has to be done in ways that are socially and economically sustainable."
-Prof. Sir John Beddington, Government Chief Scientific Adviser Forward to UK Global Food Security Strategic Plan 2011-2016
The Global Food Security Strategic Plan, sets out an agenda for major funders including RCUK (BBSRC, EPSRC, NERC, ES RC, MRC), the Technology Strategy Board, Government Departments and Agencies (BIS, DEFRA, DFID, Food Standards Agency) and the Scottish Government.
The Strategic Plan builds on the Royal Society Report, 'Reaping the benefits: science and the sustainable intensification of global agriculture', chaired by Professor Sir David Baulcombe and is amplified by The Foresight Project on Global Food and Farming Futures.